Red columbine is a woodland perennial that is native to the eastern half of the United States. It is one of 60 to 70 species that is a part of the genus Aquilegia. The name Aquilegia is derived from the Latin word aquila which means eagle. Most of the flowers in this genus hang down and resemble the talon of an eagle.
The bell shape of the columbine flower attracts insects that have a long proboscis, or tongue, such as butterflies. It is also good at attracting humming birds. Because of this it is often found planted in butterfly gardens.