The spectacled owl is a native of south Mexico, Central America, and northeastern South America.
These very unique looking owls live mainly in dense tropical rain forests. They are a nocturnal owl so they spend their nights in search of prey small mammals, birds, bats, and insects, especially caterpillars. During the day they roost alone in the dense foliage of the rain forest canopy.
Because of their habitat, and the fact that much of their habitat is controlled by rebels and drug cartels, it is difficult for anyone to accurately estimate a population. They nest in tree hollows where they typically lay one or two eggs. Once the eggs hatch, it usually takes around 5 weeks o incubate, the parents will continue to provide for the chicks up to about one year after they fledge.