The clay-colored sparrow is an Emberizine, or new world, sparrow that lives in the central portions of North America. Their breeding range includes the north central portion of the United States, from Montana through Michigan, and central Canada. Their individual breeding territory is smaller then most other Passerine species, so they are often found foraging outside their territory during the breeding season. Clay-colored sparrows typically forage close to the ground and eat primarily grass seeds, though they will also eat insects. They tend to feed their young primarily insects. During the winter these sparrows migrate south to Mexico and Central America where they are often found in mixed flocks with other species of sparrows.